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What Is AML Bone Marrow Transplant?

Acute Myeloid Leukaemia is the expansion of AML. It is a form of blood cancer and unless it is diagnosed early and treated the survival rates are pretty slim. This form of cancer starts from the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the soft inner part of the bone where a major portion of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets are produced. Because of unknown reasons the bone marrow is not able to produce the right size, right quantity and right type of blood cells. When a person is diagnosed with AML, he or she needs immediate treatment.

While conventional chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the most commonly used forms of treatment, this treatment may always not work. The problem with AML is that it spreads quite rapidly and the cancerous cells start entering the bloodstream. These cells cannot be completely killed or eradicated by conventional forms of treatment. Hence, the only option could be to go in for AML bone marrow transplant. What exactly is this form of transplant and how does it work? Let us try and find answers to the same over the next few lines.

What is AML Bone Marrow Transplant?

When a person suffers from AML, his or her bone marrow is unable to produce blood cells. When the disease reaches a critical age, depending on radiation therapy or chemotherapy could be fighting a losing cause. The only option is to go in for bone marrow transplant. This process is complex but it offers the patients a reasonably big chance of recouping and getting out from a potentially fatal condition.

Bone Marrow Transplant is a process that is aimed at replacing the damaged bone marrow with new and healthy ones. The transplant is done by taking healthy bone marrow from matching relatives or even from bone marrow banks. Once the right match has been identified, the donor’s bone marrow is injected into the patient. This is a complicated and tough process but offers the best possible chance for those who are suffering from advanced stages of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia.

Different Types of BMT

When it comes to AML bone marrow transplant, the doctors and oncologists may choose from the following three options. Each one is unique and the best option would be chosen by the doctors keeping in mind the stage of AML, the age of the patient and other such factors and attributes.

·                     Autologous transplant

·                     Allogeneic transplant

·                     Haploidentical transplant

The first option is to make use of healthy bone marrow from the same person who may be suffering from AML. This is the easiest and safest form of BMT but it may or may not work.

Allogeneic transplant makes use of blood forming cells that are from a donor or from blood banks.

Haploidentical transplant is also a form of autologous transplant but it has some unique differences compared to the first option.

Risks and Benefits

The doctors will weigh the pros and cons and then decide as to whether the patient is a fit case for AML bone marrow transplantation. There are risks of infection or rejection of the transplanted bone marrow cells by the body. Hence, the risks versus benefits evaluation is critical.

Conclusion

While early detection of AML is the best way forward, when this is not possible, then the doctors may be left with no other but to look for the right bone marrow transplant donor facilities in the USA.

Gift of Life Marrow Registry Also Offers Following Services :

How To Donate Bone Marrow

How Much Does Bone Marrow Cost

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Match For Bone Marrow Donation

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