First of all we have to know; what is bone marrow and where it is located? In the cancellous or spongy portions of bones there is a semi-solid tissue which is called bone marrow. It is the main site of haematopoiesis or new blood cell production in mammals and birds. It is a collection of marrow adipose tissue, haematopoietic cell and supportive storm cells. It is mainly located in the breastbone, vertebrae, ribs and in the bones of the pelvis in adults humans. In healthy human adult, it consists of approximately 5% of total body mass. For example, if a person weighs is 161 lbs (73 kg) then the bone marrow transplant will have be upto 8 lbs (3.65 kg).
Bone marrow cancer happens due to inherent and environmental factors, exposure to toxic drugs, radiation, infection, poisons, malignancy, environmental chemicals, certain viruses like HIV, hepatitis, some herpes and retroviruses. The other causes of bone marrow is suppressed immune system or plasma disorder, smoking and obesity, previous chemotherapy.
After detecting the main causes of bone marrow one has to find a healthy donor for donating bone marrow. There is a common misconception about bone marrow donors that it is a dangerous process to donate blood stem cells, but actually very risky are there for donating blood stem cells. Donors should be carefully examined to safeguard that they are healthy and ready to give blood stems and the process is safe. For this procedure the donor immune system should remain strong. Patients have to match someone of the same racial background because of their genetic type. Special blood tests have to be done before a person receives a allotransplantation.
The Donation Process
Bone marrow donation can be done through collecting blood creating cells for the bone marrow transplant. It is a process of surgical that takes place in a hospital operating room in which doctors use spines to extract liquid marrow by doing two small holes in the back bone of the pelvic. During the process of donation, an anaesthesia is given and feels no ache to the donor. Painkillers may be needed for the next few days.
Time to Recover
Now there is a question that how much time will be needed for the donor to recover?
Bone marrow donor recovery times will depend on the factors of individual differ and the type of donation. bone marrow donor match should assume to get back to their normal activities within 1 to 7 days. Usually to get back to a normal daily routine for bone marrow donation is 7 to 20 days. Donor safety is considered to be a top priority after donating bone marrow and having to examine them until they come to their normal activities. During this stage of recovery they feel uneasiness like headache, bruising for a week or a few days, fatigue and back pain. It is important to keep donor’s immune systems strong enough and their blood stem cells restock themselves in about 1 to 2 months.
It’s an amazing by knowing that they are been part of something that has been such a big impact on someone’s life.
Gift of Life Marrow Registry Also Offers Following Services :
Gift of Life Marrow Registry
Address: 800 Yamato Rd suite 101 Boca Raton, FL
Phone: (800) 962-7769